That intellectual dispute would be recycled several times over almost two centuries each time Russia faced an identity crisis. The dissolution of the USSR in 1991 seemed to revive those anxieties and concerns, in a society that was left without its Iceland Phone Number List country and in a country that lost its place as world superpower in a matter of days. The responses rehearsed by Boris Yeltsin, the first president of post-Soviet Russia, were erratic and in tune with the implementation of the shock doctrine and "wild" neoliberalism6. While the new capitalist government made up of the old communists privatized state assets at ridiculous prices, deregulated Iceland Phone Number List the economy and opened up to international financial markets, his speech aimed at disqualifying everything that referred to a centralized economy and state intervention.
While millions of people became poorer, the economy de-industrialized and the country lost its status as a power, the contribution of the new Russian elite to refound a national identity that would replace the Soviet one only added confusion and Iceland Phone Number List disenchantment, if not an ambiguous revaluation of the past. imperial. In this context of bewilderment, it did not take long for voices to emerge that began to yearn for the repudiated Soviet past until not long ago. The arrival to the Presidency of Vladimir Putin in 2000 did not mean a Iceland Phone Number List radical break with respect to his predecessor.
On the contrary, his policies continued the path imposed by neoliberalism7, although favored –during the first decade– by the income generated by gas and oil exports. However, when the economy began to collapse due to the drop in international Iceland Phone Number List prices for these commodities and the financial crisis of 2008, the former kgb agent began to develop a discourse that aimed to alleviate these effects and rebuild the social bond through the reinforcement of national identity and, linked to this, the attempt to reposition Russia as a world power or, at least, as an actor that should not be ignored in global decision-making. The problem Iceland Phone Number List of national identity began to be resolved from the State and with a strong conservative and geopolitical imprint. One of the pillars on which this strategy was attempted was, precisely, the idea that Russia must have a strong State, since it is essential not only for the development and well-being of the country but also for its repositioning on a global scale.